Income Inequality by Country 2023

List of countries or dependencies by income inequality metrics, including Gini coefficients. The Gini coefficient is a number between 0 and 1, where 0 corresponds with perfect equality (where everyone has the same income) and 1 corresponds with perfect inequality (where one person has all the income—and everyone else has no income).

Income distribution can vary greatly from wealth distribution in a country. Income from black market economic activity is not included and is the subject of current economic research.

R/P 10%
The ratio of the average income of the richest 10% to the poorest 10%.
R/P 20%
The ratio of the average income of the richest 20% to the poorest 20%.
Gini
Gini index, a quantified representation of a nation’s Lorenz curve. A Gini index of 0% expresses perfect equality, while index of 100% expresses maximal inequality.
UN
Data from the United Nations Development Programme.
CIA
Data from the Central Intelligence Agency’s The World Factbook.
Country Subregion Region UN R/P CIA R/P Gini
10% 20% 10% %
 Albania Southern Europe Europe 7.2 4.2 7.2 30.8
 Algeria Northern Africa Africa 9.6 4.0 9.6 27.6
 Angola Middle Africa Africa 9.0 51.3
 Argentina South America Americas 31.6 8.8 35.0 42.3
 Armenia Western Asia Asia 8.0 5.0 25.8 25.2
 Australia Australia, New Zealand Oceania 12.5 6.3 12.7 34.3
 Austria Western Europe Europe 6.9 4.9 6.8 30.2
 Azerbaijan Western Asia Asia 9.7 9.5 33.7
 Bangladesh Southern Asia Asia 7.5 4.8 7.5 32.4
 Belarus Eastern Europe Europe 6.9 3.6 6.9 24.4
 Belgium Western Europe Europe 8.2 4.2 8.3 27.2
 Belize Central America Americas 28.8 19.9 49.8
 Benin Western Africa Africa 9.4 16.3 9.4 37.8
 Bhutan Southern Asia Asia 6.6 37.4
 Bolivia South America Americas 93.9 11.8 157.3 43.6
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Southern Europe Europe 5.4 5.4 5.5 33.0
 Botswana Southern Africa Africa 43.0 15.0 53.3
 Brazil South America Americas 16.5 21.1 16.3 48.9
 Bulgaria Eastern Europe Europe 7.0 7.3 8.8 40.3
 Burkina Faso Western Africa Africa 11.6 5.3 11.5 47.3
 Burundi Eastern Africa Africa 19.3 6.7 19.3 38.6
 Cambodia South-eastern Asia Asia 12.2 12.0 37.9
 Cameroon Middle Africa Africa 15.7 11.5 15.4 46.6
 Canada Northern America Americas 9.4 6.2 9.5 33.3
 Cape Verde Western Africa Africa 10.7 42.4
 Central African Republic Middle Africa Africa 69.2 18.5 68.1 56.2
 Chad Middle Africa Africa 10.0 37.5
 Chile South America Americas 26.2 11.2 32.1 44.9
 China Eastern Asia Asia 21.6 10.2 21.8 38.2
 Colombia South America Americas 60.4 13.4 56.3 54.2
 Comoros Eastern Africa Africa 11.2 45.3
 DR Congo Middle Africa Africa 8.8 42.1
 Congo Middle Africa Africa 12.8 48.9
 Costa Rica Central America Americas 23.4 12.3 37.3 49.3
 Ivory Coast Western Africa Africa 16.6 8.4 17.0 37.2
 Croatia Southern Europe Europe 7.3 5.3 7.2 28.9
 Cyprus Western Asia Asia 5.3 31.2
 Czech Republic Eastern Europe Europe 5.2 3.7 5.2 25.3
 Denmark Northern Europe Europe 8.1 4.0 12.0 27.7
 Djibouti Eastern Africa Africa 8.8 41.6
 Dominican Republic Caribbean Americas 25.3 10.5 18.8 39.6
 Ecuador South America Americas 35.2 10.7 17.5 47.3
 Egypt Northern Africa Africa 8.0 4.6 8.0 31.5
 El Salvador Central America Americas 38.6 7.0 55.4 38.8
 Estonia Northern Europe Europe 10.8 5.4 11.0 30.8
 Eswatini Southern Africa Africa 25.1 14.2 25.4 54.6
 Ethiopia Eastern Africa Africa 6.6 7.1 6.5 35.0
 European Union Europe 8.6 30.6
 Fiji Melanesia Oceania 6.0 30.7
 Finland Northern Europe Europe 5.6 3.9 5.7 27.7
 France Western Europe Europe 9.1 5.2 8.3 32.4
 Gabon Middle Africa Africa 7.4 38.0
 Gambia Western Africa Africa 20.2 5.9 20.6 35.9
 Georgia Western Asia Asia 15.4 7.1 15.2 34.5
 Germany Western Europe Europe 6.9 5.1 6.9 31.7
 Ghana Western Africa Africa 14.1 10.3 13.7 43.5
 Greece Southern Europe Europe 10.2 7.1 10.4 33.1
 Guatemala Central America Americas 33.9 11.9 48.2 48.3
 Guinea Western Africa Africa 10.5 5.5 21.6 29.6
 Guinea-Bissau Western Africa Africa 19.0 12.6 84.8 34.8
 Guyana South America Americas 26.0 44.6
 Haiti Caribbean Americas 54.4 8.6 68.1 41.1
 Honduras Central America Americas 59.4 17.1 35.2 48.2
 Hong Kong Eastern Asia Asia 17.8 53.9
 Hungary Eastern Europe Europe 5.5 4.9 5.6 30.0
 Iceland Northern Europe Europe 4.0 26.1
 India Southern Asia Asia 8.6 5.5 8.6 35.7
 Indonesia South-eastern Asia Asia 7.8 6.6 7.9 37.9
 Iran Southern Asia Asia 17.2 7.7 16.9 40.9
 Iraq Western Asia Asia 4.4 29.5
 Ireland Northern Europe Europe 9.4 5.0 9.4 30.6
 Israel Western Asia Asia 13.4 8.5 11.8 38.6
 Italy Southern Europe Europe 11.6 7.0 11.7 35.2
 Jamaica Caribbean Americas 17.3 17.0 35.0
 Japan Eastern Asia Asia 4.5 5.4 4.5 32.9
 Jordan Western Asia Asia 11.3 5.2 11.3 33.7
 Kazakhstan Central Asia Asia 8.5 3.8 8.0 27.8
 Kenya Eastern Africa Africa 13.6 7.7 18.6 40.8
 South Korea Eastern Asia Asia 7.8 5.3 5.9 31.4
 Kosovo Eastern Europe Europe[a] 29.0
 Kyrgyzstan Central Asia Asia 6.4 3.8 6.4 29.0
 Laos South-eastern Asia Asia 8.3 5.9 8.4 38.8
 Latvia Northern Europe Europe 11.6 5.8 11.6 34.5
 Lebanon Western Asia Asia 5.1 31.8
 Lesotho Southern Africa Africa 39.8 20.8 48.2 44.9
 Liberia Western Africa Africa 12.8 5.9 35.3
 Lithuania Northern Europe Europe 10.4 7.2 10.3 35.3
 Luxembourg Western Europe Europe 5.7 6.8 34.2
 Macau Eastern Asia Asia 35.0
 North Macedonia Southern Europe Europe 12.5 7.3 12.3 33.0
 Madagascar Eastern Africa Africa 19.2 8.7 19.3 42.6
 Malawi Eastern Africa Africa 10.9 8.1 11.0 38.5
 Malaysia South-eastern Asia Asia 22.1 8.2 28.0 41.1
 Maldives Southern Asia Asia 7.0 29.3
 Mali Western Africa Africa 12.5 5.2 12.6 36.1
 Malta Southern Europe Europe 4.5 31.0
 Mauritania Western Africa Africa 12.0 5.4 11.8 32.6
 Mauritius Eastern Africa Africa 5.9 36.8
 Mexico Central America Americas 21.6 8.8 24.6 45.4
 Micronesia Micronesia Oceania 8.4 40.1
 Moldova Eastern Europe Europe 8.2 3.6 8.3 26.0
 Mongolia Eastern Asia Asia 8.2 5.1 8.2 32.7
 Montenegro Southern Europe Europe 4.8 36.8
 Morocco Northern Africa Africa 11.7 7.0 11.9 39.5
 Mozambique Eastern Africa Africa 18.8 14.2 18.8 54.0
 Myanmar South-eastern Asia Asia 6.3 11.6 30.7
 Namibia Southern Africa Africa 106.6 22.8 129.0 59.1
 Nepal Southern Asia Asia 15.8 5.0 15.6 32.8
 Netherlands Western Europe Europe 9.2 4.2 9.2 29.2
 New Zealand Australia, New Zealand Oceania 12.4 36.2
 Nicaragua Central America Americas 31.0 10.2 15.4 46.2
 Niger Western Africa Africa 46.0 5.4 44.3 37.3
 Nigeria Western Africa Africa 17.8 9.1 17.5 35.1
 Norway Northern Europe Europe 6.1 4.1 6.0 27.7
 Pakistan Southern Asia Asia 6.5 4.8 6.6 29.6
 Panama Central America Americas 49.9 15.9 61.4 49.8
 Papua New Guinea Melanesia Oceania 23.8 9.3 23.8 41.9
 Paraguay South America Americas 38.8 11.7 65.9 43.5
 Peru South America Americas 26.1 10.3 31.5 43.8
 Philippines South-eastern Asia Asia 15.5 7.2 15.5 42.3
 Poland Eastern Europe Europe 8.8 4.6 8.7 30.2
 Portugal Southern Europe Europe 15.0 6.4 9.2 32.8
 Qatar Western Asia Asia 41.1
 Romania Eastern Europe Europe 7.5 8.0 7.4 34.8
 Russia Eastern Europe Europe 12.7 6.6 12.8 36.0
 Rwanda Eastern Africa Africa 18.6 8.5 18.2 43.7
 São Tomé and Príncipe Middle Africa Africa 4.7 40.7
 Saudi Arabia Western Asia Asia 45.9
 Senegal Western Africa Africa 12.3 7.7 12.4 38.1
 Serbia Southern Europe Europe 4.2 34.5
 Seychelles Eastern Africa Africa 9.8 32.1
 Sierra Leone Western Africa Africa 87.2 5.4 87.2 35.7
 Singapore South-eastern Asia Asia 17.7 17.3 45.9
 Slovakia Eastern Europe Europe 6.7 4.1 6.7 23.2
 Slovenia Southern Europe Europe 5.9 3.7 5.9 24.4
 Somalia Eastern Africa Africa 36.8
 South Africa Southern Africa Africa 33.1 28.4 31.9 63.0
 South Sudan Eastern Africa Africa 13.0 44.1
 Spain Southern Europe Europe 10.3 7.3 10.2 34.3
 Sri Lanka Southern Asia Asia 11.1 6.8 36.1 39.3
 Saint Lucia Caribbean Americas 6.8 51.2
 Sudan Northern Africa Africa 6.2 34.2
 Suriname South America Americas 57.9
 Sweden Northern Europe Europe 6.2 4.6 6.2 29.3
 Switzerland Western Europe Europe 9.0 5.2 8.9 33.1
 Syria Western Asia Asia 37.5
 Taiwan Eastern Asia Asia 6.1 33.6
 Tajikistan Central Asia Asia 7.8 5.6 7.8 34.0
 Tanzania Eastern Africa Africa 9.2 6.2 9.3 40.5
 Thailand South-eastern Asia Asia 12.6 6.0 12.4 35.0
 East Timor South-eastern Asia Asia 4.1 28.7
 Togo Western Africa Africa 9.7 42.4
 Trinidad and Tobago Caribbean Americas 12.9 40.3
 Tunisia Northern Africa Africa 13.4 5.2 13.7 32.8
 Turkey Western Asia Asia 6.6 8.5 17.1 41.9
 Turkmenistan Central Asia Asia 12.3 12.2 40.8
 Uganda Eastern Africa Africa 16.6 8.2 16.4 42.7
 Ukraine Eastern Europe Europe 5.9 3.5 7.6 25.6
 United Arab Emirates Western Asia Asia 26.0
 United Kingdom Northern Europe Europe 13.8 5.4 13.6 35.1
 United States Northern America Americas 18.5 9.4 14.0 41.5
 Uruguay South America Americas 11.8 7.8 17.9 40.2
 Uzbekistan Central Asia Asia 10.6 10.6 35.3
 Venezuela South America Americas 18.8 15.8 50.3 39.0
 Vietnam South-eastern Asia Asia 6.9 6.2 10.0 35.7
 Yemen Western Asia Asia 8.6 6.1 8.6 36.7
 Zambia Eastern Africa Africa 21.1 57.1
 Zimbabwe Eastern Africa Africa 8.6 50.3
 World 38.0

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